Statement from Dutch Prime Minister……24/06/2016
We now expect the United Kingdom government to give effect to this decision of the British people as soon as possible, however painful that process may be. Any delay would unnecessarily prolong uncertainty. We have rules to deal with this in an orderly way……..As agreed, the “New Settlement for the United Kingdom within the European Union”, reached at the European Council on 18-19 February 2016, will now not take effect and ceases to exist. There will be no renegotiation.
Statement from Dutch Prime Minister……23/06/2017
“Really, don’t underestimate how this will impact the UK – you will pay a very high price for leaving the European Union……
Statement from Dutch Prime Minister….02/06/2016
“They would be very bad news for the UK, for the Netherlands and for Europe as a whole. We would be in a race to the bottom – and that is exactly what we do not want.”
In early 1945, the Dutch Prince Bernhard appealed to Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt for immediate aid to break the starvation imposed by the German operations in enemy-Occupied Holland. Once permission was received, Eisenhower gave permission for Air Commodore Geddes for planning to commence, and further approval came direct from General G. Marshall. German senior officers under Reichskommissar Arthur Seyss-Inquart were drawn into planning by Allied agents, and free-flying routes were agreed with both RAF and USAAF.
A total of 3,301 sorties were flown by British Mosquitoes and Lancaster Bombers, delivering a total of 6,680 tons of food, including tinned foods, chocolate and dried food. The food was dropped from as low as 300 feet, because the packages burst if dropped from higher altitudes. Not one shell was fired by the Germans, as they kept their promises. The Americans Third Air Force used Boeing B-17’s to deliver 4,000 tons of food in 2,268 sorties.
Three aircraft were lost, two by collision, and one by engine fire.
A commemorative plaque to thank the Royal Air Force for their help in mounting Operation Manna was presented in May 1980 by Dr W Scholten, Minister of Defence of the Netherlands and is displayed in the Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon, England.
Manna/Chowhound monument (“Monument voor operatie Manna”)
On 28 April 2007, British Air Commodore Andrew James Wray Geddes was honoured when a hiking trail in the Rotterdam district of Terbregge, the Air Commodore Geddespath, was named after him. This path goes past the Manna/Chowhound monument in the soundwall of the northern ringroad around Rotterdam. The official unveiling of the plaque was performed by Lieutenant-Commander Angus Geddes RN (son of Andrew Geddes) from England and Warrant Officer David Chiverton from Australia (grandson of Geddes)